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Head vs. Body vs. Html Tag

Lesson 5 from: Build a Responsive Website Using HTML5 & CSS3

Daniel Walter Scott

Head vs. Body vs. Html Tag

Lesson 5 from: Build a Responsive Website Using HTML5 & CSS3

Daniel Walter Scott

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Lesson Info

5. Head vs. Body vs. Html Tag

Lessons

Class Trailer

Getting Started

1

How This Class is Structured

01:41
2

What to Download

02:57

Introduction to HTML & CSS

3

Creating Our First Webpage

05:55
4

What is HTML5 & CSS3

08:24
5

Head vs. Body vs. Html Tag

09:01
6

Title & Description

05:54
7

What Code Editor Should I Use

02:42
8

Using Diy Tags

06:26
9

What is a CSS Class

09:05
10

How to Create Nested Divs

05:03
11

Class Project

05:24
12

External CSS

09:07
13

Creating Our Index Style Pages

12:16

Project 1: Restaurant Website

14

Testing Your Website

08:47
15

Check Your Code For Errors

11:01
16

What are HTML5 Structure Tags

05:47
17

Add HTML5 structure elements

16:02
18

How to Set the Color of the Background

05:10
19

Adding Images to a Website

04:38
20

How to Center an Image

01:14
21

Change the Font Size & Color

14:11
22

Make a Clickable Link

08:45
23

Stretching Background Image

05:38
24

Making a Div Tag Transparent

02:36
25

Simple Website Text Navigation

06:43
26

CSS Compound Classes

07:02
27

Class Project 02

02:05
28

Class Project 02 - COMPLETE

04:48
29

Add an Email Button to a Website

03:49
30

Add Google Maps to Your Website

11:25
31

Making a Website Live

16:50
32

Uploading via SFTP

11:50
33

Setting Up Our New Project

03:46

Project 2: Bike Repair Website

34

CSS Reset

15:22
35

Min-height vs. Height

07:01
36

Div Tags Onto One Line

05:23
37

Getting div tags onto one line using Flexbox in HTML & CSS

05:23
38

Evenly Spaced Div Tags

04:42
39

Two Div Tags of Different Sizes

07:13
40

Vertically Center Content

07:20
41

Class Project 3

02:51
42

Class Project 3 - COMPLETE

05:39
43

Change Default Fonts

04:19
44

Installing Google Fonts

12:44
45

What are PX & EM & REM

14:56
46

Change Line Height

04:33
47

SVG vs. JPG vs. PNG

07:04
48

How to Create a SVG, JPG, or PNG

11:00
49

Block Images vs. Background Images

08:32
50

Finishing Up Our Cards

09:10
51

Icons via Font Awesome

16:31
52

Making a Div Container Clickable

09:55
53

Box-sizing & Border-box

06:19
54

How to Make A Colored Button

07:46
55

Why Can't I Add Margin or Paddding

11:08
56

Rounded Corners

04:17
57

Drop Shadows

06:24
58

Backup Your Website

05:00
59

Reusing a Button Class

03:10
60

Class Project 04

02:58
61

Class Project 04 -COMPLETE

05:45
62

Adding a Horizontal Rule

03:51
63

Make Divs Wrap Onto Separate Lines

12:14
64

Hover Color & Animating a Button

03:33
65

Pseudo Classes

09:31
66

Simple Dropdown Navigation

20:04
67

Adding Our Dropdown to the Website

14:50
68

Useful Shortcuts and Tips in VS Code

13:28
69

Large Background Image

09:24
70

How to Connect 2 Pages

10:42
71

Simple PHP Form Work

17:49
72

Placeholder Form Text

05:46
73

Form Check Marks

03:04
74

Multi Line Form Text Box

02:18
75

Form Radio Button

06:07
76

Form Drop Down Menu

05:48
77

How to Style Your Form

12:55

Project 3: Responsive Portfolio Website

78

What does responsive website design mean

04:17
79

How to change a website layout size color when at different sizes using media queries

11:28
80

How to test your website on a tablet or mobile phone from Visual Studio Code

06:00
81

How to change the layout of a responsive website for mobile vs desktop

16:02
82

How to turn things on and off for mobile tablet & desktop responsive websites

06:03
83

What is pixel density responsive images pixel ratio dp px in webdesign

14:47
84

How to export responsive images for website from XD Photoshop Illustrator

05:11
85

How to add responsive images to website using 100% width in HTML & CSS

06:08
86

How to use srcset to change images in HTML for responsive website

11:18
87

How to add a css style to the first line of a p tag on a website (

11:18
88

How to make the header footer full width but the inside centered

05:36
89

Class Project 05 – Header design

03:12
90

Class Project 05 – Header design COMPLETE

06:25
91

How to use a span tag or span class in HTML to change text

10:32
92

How to pin the navigation to the top of a website fixed nav

03:17
93

How to make a simple responsive mobile menu using CSS only

08:21
94

What is Javascript vs Jquery in website web design

06:35
95

How to make a burger menu 3 line mobile navigation for a website

15:11
96

How to switch a menu nav from desktop to mobile phone

21:45

Project 4: Bootstrap Yogurt Website

97

Overview of what Bootstrap 4 is in website design

07:57
98

How to install Bootstrap 4 on a website using Visual Studio Code

06:27
99

Quick overview of how the Bootstrap Grid Layout works in VS Code

10:49
100

Quick overview of how Bootstrap Components works in VS Code

09:23
101

Quick overview of how Bootstrap CSS Styles works in VS Code

08:20
102

How to customize the default Bootstrap 4 css styles

13:51
103

How to use Bootstrap Layout Grid Experiment 1

10:20
104

How to make 100% header & uneven widths in Bootstrap 4

07:16
105

How to create uneven col widths in Bootstrap 4

07:27
106

How to add padding & margins using Bootstrap 4 in VS Code

12:03
107

How to change layout of Bootstrap depending on mobile or desktop

15:46
108

How to turn things on & off on your website using Bootstrap 4

05:30
109

Google Chrome Inspect

12:40
110

Add Shadows to Text & Boxes

07:06
111

Change the Default Buttons

06:16
112

Responsive Images in Bootstrap 4

09:34
113

How to Center Text & Div Tags

04:16
114

Customize the Bootstrap Navbar

07:29
115

Add Your Own Logo

03:58
116

Change the Default Nav Styles

12:12
117

Fix the Navigation to the Top

04:41
118

Col Images & Col Background

07:56
119

Bootstrap Border & Rounded Corners

04:20
120

Bootstrap 4 Carousels

05:13
121

Card Groups

03:29
122

Drop Shadows On Bootstrap Cards

02:25
123

Clickable Boxes in Bootstrap 4

04:02

Final Quiz

124

Final Quiz

Lesson Info

Head vs. Body vs. Html Tag

Alright. It is time to make an actual proper website. Okay. At the moment we've put in some html tags and some basic CSS but that's not all we need, we need some other bits and pieces like the doc type uh the head tag, the body tag. So in this video we'll work out how to add those quickly and what they all do. Alright, let's jump in. Okay. First thing is is that this page that we've made this Hello world. Html is it's got the basics in it but it's missing a chunk of elements. Okay. To make it an official web page. So let's close it down and look at those. So close it down. Let's make a new page. So file new. Let's save it. Okay. And this one's going to be called understanding. Let's put in a hyphen and let's put in body body html and hit Okay. Make sure the end you add html dot html. Okay. At the end. Otherwise it doesn't know what you're doing. The other thing to notice at this point is that you can't use spaces. Okay. Or you shouldn't use spaces. You need to use hyphens or underscore...

s. It doesn't matter which Okay, I use hyphens and let's hit save when you are naming things. Try not to use things like dollar signs or ampersand or any kind of just use numbers and letters. Okay. To make this an official web page. It needs a couple of things. It needs to know that we're dealing with an html page. So it's something called the doc type. Okay. So it's a dark type of html. Then we need to establish that it is an html document that is set in the language of english. Okay, let me close that off. And there is probably another five or six lines that we need to add to make this thing official. So we don't type that out. Okay. There is an easy shortcut because it's such a consistent repeatable thing that everyone needs to do. V. S. Code uses something called Emmett. Don't worry. That emits the word, but it's a little bit of code hinting. Okay, that really helps you go fast. So instead of typing all the things we need out to make an official web page, we type an exclamation mark and we hit return on the keyboard. Cool, that's all the official stuff. We need to make this a legitimate html page. Here's our doc type, there's the english language then it has something called the head and the body and then it's all wrapped up in this html tag. Now, what are all these things? So the doc type just tells us that it's html. This one here, if you see if I click in here. Okay. Html you'll see there's a corresponding wrapper at the end here and all of the website is inside that html tag. Okay. Like we had the H one earlier. Remember we had a church one. Okay. And there was a beginning and a closing and everything inside inside was the H one. It's the same with all of the html tags. Okay. This one just says all of this is html. Thank you very much. Not very exciting. Html tag. You're not going to deal with it much at all. These other two tags inside of here. You will. There's the head, there's the body. Okay? So the head tag and put a couple of returns in. Remember returns. Don't mean anything just so that we can segment them when we're learning. So the head has an opening and a closing and everything inside of here is stuff that the browser needs to work. Okay. So chrome needs the stuff but the user doesn't see it. Okay. So if we save this file safe, we jump out to chrome. Okay. We'll go to file. We'll go to open file. Okay. And let's find this new one. Understanding body. Html head. And you'll notice that there is, there's nothing on the page. So this is the body here, this white squared on the bottom. That's the body. The head is stuff that the browser absorbs but doesn't show you. You can see there's lots of stuff that just doesn't show I'm going to deal with all of this sort of stuff later on. But the basics here that you this one here, the character set is just telling it, we're using kind of a latin keyboard. Okay. Abc 123. Okay. And we'll talk about these things later on. Responsive design needs. This There's some problems with Microsoft edge that it needs to be compatible with things, the document title, we're doing the very next video but it's all stuff that the browser needs that we don't really need to without that the user, our audience doesn't need to see What the audience needs to see. Is everything in the body. Okay. So I put a couple of returns in here, loads too many returns then. Okay. But in the body this is where we add stuff. So let's add an H1. So we're gonna type in Angle Brackets H one. Close it off and in here is Hello dan for your name. Okay. We're gonna save it. So everything in the head browser didn't see everything in the body actually gets seen by the user. So let's have a look at our browser. Let's refresh there. It is there. Cool. So html everything's inside of their head stuff that the browser needs to work. Body is the stuff that the user sees. Those are our three main tags. Now let's do a couple of things. Let's look at the head tag. So remember we want to style this H1 where does the style go? We don't put it in the body. Okay. We don't put it in between the head and the body. It goes inside the head. Okay. So after the title but in a return and then we can put it in our style. Remember open square brackets. Close it off. Okay. And return between the two. Everything in between these two tags is the CSS Okay. And the CSS can go in the head. Okay. We don't really want this code appearing on the page. We want it just to affect the stuff that's in the body. So we say remember syntax H one curly braces and we say we'll make it the color of random color from this list. Dark orchard. There we go. What goes at the end semi colon say that. Let's have a little look in the browser browser, refresh awesome. Dark orchid orchard, orchid Orchard. Okay, so head stuff that goes on the page, like I said this 20 times now. But you get the idea things like this can go in the head. But the thing that people see are in the body now, a couple of things I want to explain before we move on is I'm jumping between these two and you're like how did he do that? So on a Mac and you can hold down the command key and hit tab. And these little things open up. Okay? And you can keep hitting tab to move through them on a pc. It's control tab. Okay? And you can flick between them two by just tapping them. So control tab. Control tab. You don't have to do that. And what you might do is just have it over here, do some window resizing. So you can kind of see one on one side, one on the other and it's a lot easier to work that way up to you. And another thing I want to do before we move on, I'm gonna totally wreck that. Is that, you know, I don't want you at this point that going like, how am I going to remember all of these things? Because let's say that I want to make this Hello dan, underlined. Okay. The cool thing about the internet and especially html is there's a load of resources so I want to make this underlined. How do you know what is it? So do I go in here and just start typing underline? It doesn't seem to work. Okay, so let's say I go to chrome Okay, open that up again. I'm going to make a new search box, I'm gonna say html or CSS code for underline. Okay. And I'm we're going to do this throughout the course because I'm not here to teach you every single bit of syntax. I want you, I'm teaching you to fish. Okay, so let's have a look. So I've asked for the code for underline, it's gonna be kind of three main places that you'll use in your like that most web designers use. There is something called w three schools dot com. That's a really, really good resource CSS tricks that is an amazing website by chris queer and there's another one that appears quite often and it is, it's not appearing that list, but it's called stack overflow. Those are the three main ones to write down and say, yep, those are the those are the go to places, let's have a look. See, SCS text decoration, You can see here using an H1, there's an overline, it's not what I want to underline. So instead of kind of remembering them, you can either copy this, just copying it with my keyboard, command C or on a Mac or control C on a pc and go back into V. S code and I'm just gonna paste it in, save it. Okay. And then jump 12 browser, preview it and it's underlined because there's gonna be a lot of that. If you're like, man, do I need to write all this down? There's lots of times, we're just like, I can't remember what that, what the syntax is, so you can go and find it. Okay, because text decoration is a weird way of discussing underline. Okay, but after a while, you will learn some stuff that you're doing quite regularly. Text decoration overline. Never used that one in my life. Refresh. Look at that, you can do it all right, that's gonna be it for this video. Let's jump into the next one. We start talking about the meta title that we've been ignoring

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