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CSS Compound Classes

Lesson 26 from: Build a Responsive Website Using HTML5 & CSS3

Daniel Walter Scott

CSS Compound Classes

Lesson 26 from: Build a Responsive Website Using HTML5 & CSS3

Daniel Walter Scott

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Lesson Info

26. CSS Compound Classes

Lessons

Class Trailer

Getting Started

1

How This Class is Structured

01:41
2

What to Download

02:57

Introduction to HTML & CSS

3

Creating Our First Webpage

05:55
4

What is HTML5 & CSS3

08:24
5

Head vs. Body vs. Html Tag

09:01
6

Title & Description

05:54
7

What Code Editor Should I Use

02:42
8

Using Diy Tags

06:26
9

What is a CSS Class

09:05
10

How to Create Nested Divs

05:03
11

Class Project

05:24
12

External CSS

09:07
13

Creating Our Index Style Pages

12:16

Project 1: Restaurant Website

14

Testing Your Website

08:47
15

Check Your Code For Errors

11:01
16

What are HTML5 Structure Tags

05:47
17

Add HTML5 structure elements

16:02
18

How to Set the Color of the Background

05:10
19

Adding Images to a Website

04:38
20

How to Center an Image

01:14
21

Change the Font Size & Color

14:11
22

Make a Clickable Link

08:45
23

Stretching Background Image

05:38
24

Making a Div Tag Transparent

02:36
25

Simple Website Text Navigation

06:43
26

CSS Compound Classes

07:02
27

Class Project 02

02:05
28

Class Project 02 - COMPLETE

04:48
29

Add an Email Button to a Website

03:49
30

Add Google Maps to Your Website

11:25
31

Making a Website Live

16:50
32

Uploading via SFTP

11:50
33

Setting Up Our New Project

03:46

Project 2: Bike Repair Website

34

CSS Reset

15:22
35

Min-height vs. Height

07:01
36

Div Tags Onto One Line

05:23
37

Getting div tags onto one line using Flexbox in HTML & CSS

05:23
38

Evenly Spaced Div Tags

04:42
39

Two Div Tags of Different Sizes

07:13
40

Vertically Center Content

07:20
41

Class Project 3

02:51
42

Class Project 3 - COMPLETE

05:39
43

Change Default Fonts

04:19
44

Installing Google Fonts

12:44
45

What are PX & EM & REM

14:56
46

Change Line Height

04:33
47

SVG vs. JPG vs. PNG

07:04
48

How to Create a SVG, JPG, or PNG

11:00
49

Block Images vs. Background Images

08:32
50

Finishing Up Our Cards

09:10
51

Icons via Font Awesome

16:31
52

Making a Div Container Clickable

09:55
53

Box-sizing & Border-box

06:19
54

How to Make A Colored Button

07:46
55

Why Can't I Add Margin or Paddding

11:08
56

Rounded Corners

04:17
57

Drop Shadows

06:24
58

Backup Your Website

05:00
59

Reusing a Button Class

03:10
60

Class Project 04

02:58
61

Class Project 04 -COMPLETE

05:45
62

Adding a Horizontal Rule

03:51
63

Make Divs Wrap Onto Separate Lines

12:14
64

Hover Color & Animating a Button

03:33
65

Pseudo Classes

09:31
66

Simple Dropdown Navigation

20:04
67

Adding Our Dropdown to the Website

14:50
68

Useful Shortcuts and Tips in VS Code

13:28
69

Large Background Image

09:24
70

How to Connect 2 Pages

10:42
71

Simple PHP Form Work

17:49
72

Placeholder Form Text

05:46
73

Form Check Marks

03:04
74

Multi Line Form Text Box

02:18
75

Form Radio Button

06:07
76

Form Drop Down Menu

05:48
77

How to Style Your Form

12:55

Project 3: Responsive Portfolio Website

78

What does responsive website design mean

04:17
79

How to change a website layout size color when at different sizes using media queries

11:28
80

How to test your website on a tablet or mobile phone from Visual Studio Code

06:00
81

How to change the layout of a responsive website for mobile vs desktop

16:02
82

How to turn things on and off for mobile tablet & desktop responsive websites

06:03
83

What is pixel density responsive images pixel ratio dp px in webdesign

14:47
84

How to export responsive images for website from XD Photoshop Illustrator

05:11
85

How to add responsive images to website using 100% width in HTML & CSS

06:08
86

How to use srcset to change images in HTML for responsive website

11:18
87

How to add a css style to the first line of a p tag on a website (

11:18
88

How to make the header footer full width but the inside centered

05:36
89

Class Project 05 – Header design

03:12
90

Class Project 05 – Header design COMPLETE

06:25
91

How to use a span tag or span class in HTML to change text

10:32
92

How to pin the navigation to the top of a website fixed nav

03:17
93

How to make a simple responsive mobile menu using CSS only

08:21
94

What is Javascript vs Jquery in website web design

06:35
95

How to make a burger menu 3 line mobile navigation for a website

15:11
96

How to switch a menu nav from desktop to mobile phone

21:45

Project 4: Bootstrap Yogurt Website

97

Overview of what Bootstrap 4 is in website design

07:57
98

How to install Bootstrap 4 on a website using Visual Studio Code

06:27
99

Quick overview of how the Bootstrap Grid Layout works in VS Code

10:49
100

Quick overview of how Bootstrap Components works in VS Code

09:23
101

Quick overview of how Bootstrap CSS Styles works in VS Code

08:20
102

How to customize the default Bootstrap 4 css styles

13:51
103

How to use Bootstrap Layout Grid Experiment 1

10:20
104

How to make 100% header & uneven widths in Bootstrap 4

07:16
105

How to create uneven col widths in Bootstrap 4

07:27
106

How to add padding & margins using Bootstrap 4 in VS Code

12:03
107

How to change layout of Bootstrap depending on mobile or desktop

15:46
108

How to turn things on & off on your website using Bootstrap 4

05:30
109

Google Chrome Inspect

12:40
110

Add Shadows to Text & Boxes

07:06
111

Change the Default Buttons

06:16
112

Responsive Images in Bootstrap 4

09:34
113

How to Center Text & Div Tags

04:16
114

Customize the Bootstrap Navbar

07:29
115

Add Your Own Logo

03:58
116

Change the Default Nav Styles

12:12
117

Fix the Navigation to the Top

04:41
118

Col Images & Col Background

07:56
119

Bootstrap Border & Rounded Corners

04:20
120

Bootstrap 4 Carousels

05:13
121

Card Groups

03:29
122

Drop Shadows On Bootstrap Cards

02:25
123

Clickable Boxes in Bootstrap 4

04:02

Final Quiz

124

Final Quiz

Lesson Info

CSS Compound Classes

Hey everyone, we're going to take our menu in this video that looks currently like this too. This petting either side some space between them, font sizes to do all this, we're going to have to learn what a compound selector is. Pretty cool and nice and simple. It's gonna allow us to be fancier. Web designers. Alright let's jump in and learn what it does. Okay, compound selector. What is a compound class? It's just more than one because we've got a problem now because what I wanna do is I want to style these attacks Okay I want to turn off the underlying cause I don't want it here But I've already started the a tags. Remember earlier on we said eight tags we want to leave, you know we didn't we turn that off because we're like actually we don't want we want to leave the underline so we've got one a tag controlling a couple of things so what we can do is use something called specificity. Okay. It just means the more specific you are, the more it will override if you're more specific. So ...

if I say generally all the a tags do this but if I say the latex specifically in the nav do this other thing that will win because it's more specific. Okay generic. A little bit more specific because we're saying the a tags inside of the knobs. Alright let's just do it dan in visual studio code. Okay. The way you structure a compound compound class or compound selector compound because there's two parts to it you can have more than one. Okay we're just gonna do one. So what we want to say is we want to say if there's a nav with an A inside of it. Okay you just put spaces between it. Okay because we're dealing with tag selectors. Okay. The nav and the a it's not a class we don't need the full stop. Okay so this is all by themselves with spaces in between them and that's it. So if there's an a tag inside of a nav do this other thing and what we want to say is text decoration decoration is set to no Decorah what's it called? Set to none it's none. Okay. Cool. Tim golan done save let's have a little look. Is that right? Does work. Cool. So that one's left fine but because that one says the eight eggs inside the nav you've got it. Compound selectors. Super useful. Now we did this way because it's the most simple way and it's nice and clean and clear. You could have got rid of this. I'm going to wrap it up in my um command ford slash okay to comment it out. What I could have done is created a class called no underlying. I'd like to show you both ways because there's nothing really wrong with this way and over here I'm going to say text decoration is going to be set to none. And over here we could say actually I would like after the little after the HR FB I'm gonna put in a class called it was called No underline. No underline. Save it. And hopefully just one of them will be working now. There you go. The trouble with that is that I have to apply that class to all of these tags and that's fine. And if I make another one, I have to go and have that class and there's no real problem with it. But you can see the elegance of this. 1st 1 is elegance, the word, I feel like it is. Okay, awesome. We've learned like what our compound selector is and the kind of syntax for it spaces. Next thing I want to do is I want to tidy up the padding here, so centering in a box. Okay, centering horizontally is perfect, vertically is very hard, surprisingly hard. Don't ask me why, but it is Okay. So later on in the course, when we look at something called flex box, it'll get easier. But for the moment, at our current skill level it's super hard. Okay, so what we're gonna do is kind of fake it. We're just going to put some padding in the top and the bottom until it looks like it's in the middle. Okay, And the easiest way to do this. Okay, There's there's a couple of ways, but the way that we're going to do it is let's add we'll add some padding to this novel. Okay, because at the moment is right at the top, so we'll add a little bit to the top and a little bit to the bottom and maybe get rid of the height, let's give that a try. So what I mean So first of all let's get rid of the height, that'll make it a bit clearer. So is my nav height can either commented out or just delete it because I don't want it, see it's kind of collapsed but if I add some padding to the outside of the nav or I could add it to the actual latex themselves, it doesn't really matter. Okay we're going to do it to the nav just because I feel like it and we're going to say petting and we'll do padding top. I'm gonna make it 14 pixels. Okay. At the top and the same for the bottom. Just going to copy and paste it bottom, awesome. Let's save it and let's preview in a browser, you can kind of see we get to the same point so it was collapsed. Now this padding pushing it out. If we did it with margins, it wouldn't work right. I just kind of drum this into you. The difference between margins and padding, you can see there is some padding you know there is for 14 pixels above them below there because like if I crank it up to 140 you can see there's lots of space there but because it's the outside of the box it doesn't really do what we needed to do. So undo undo. Save preview. Alright, let's fix up a couple of other things that are bugging me. Like the font size is a bit big and the space between the menu are buttons are tiny. Okay so we need to adjust that. Let's jump into V. S. Code. What should we do? And we'll do it to the nav eggs. Okay Because I want to make this a font size Of what are we using Francis of 12 pixels. I wanted quite small to kind of match my um to match my design. Let's have a look save. That's a bit better now let's do this space between them all and what we'll do is a little bit of padding. Okay. And it won't matter if it's padding or margin in this case. Okay. Petting lift I'm going to put in 10 pixels and I'll do the same for the right padding. Right? 10 pixels have a little look awesome. Why don't they do both? Okay because if I do that it's going to be slightly lopsided. It's gonna look fine but it's going to be pushed one side and I guess it doesn't you can't really notice it on this. So imagine we have got a bit of padding to one side but not the other on each of these so it really visually doesn't look any different but it's you've got padding either side. Now. I just kind of often do that and just grab my curse and click over it and drag to try and highlight it and gives me a kind of a vague I have no idea of what's happening. All right, so that's our basic kind of navigation. They don't go anywhere yet. We've got an index page so we have to create a menu page and an order online page. But we only made one so far. So we're just using those um hashes or pound symbols just to kind of make them active but not actually make them go anywhere yet. Alright. That is it for our really simple navigation. Let's get on to the next video.

Class Materials

Bonus Materials with Purchase

Exercise Files
Completed Files

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